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Overview of Minerals

Functions of minerals

Minerals act as catalysts for many biological reactions within the body, including muscle response, the transmission of messages through the nervous system, the production of hormones, digestion, and the proper utilization of most other nutrients in food. All tissues and internal fluids of the body contain varying quantities of minerals. Minerals are also constituents of the bones, teeth, soft tissue, muscle, blood, and nerve cells. Without the aid / presence of minerals, vitamins cannot be assimilated.

Sources of minerals

The body cannot manufacture a single mineral. All minerals have to be provided in the diet or in dietary supplementation. Minerals are absorbed from the soil in which foods grow. If the soil where the foods grow is deficient of specific minerals, the foods will also supply poor quantities of minerals. Animal products will also supply minerals as their bodies have accumulated the minerals from their diet.

Required doses of minerals

Although minerals are essential for life, we do not need a lot of them. In states of good health and a well-balanced diet, we can get the minerals we need from the food we eat. In states of altered metabolism (including mental and physical stresses, and during or following an illness) and when the pace of modern-day living prevent us from following a well balanced diet, though, we may need greater amounts or supplementation of minerals.

Classification of Minerals

Minerals are normally divided into two groups – macro-minerals and micro-minerals or trace elements.

Macro-minerals are needed in greater quantities in our diet and include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride and sulfur

Micro-minerals or trace elements are equally important minerals though it is needed in very small quantities. Trace elements include minerals such as copper, iodine, iron, manganese, selenium, zinc and chromium..

The recommended dietary allowance (RDA)

RDA is the recommended minimum amount of a nutrient to be consumed daily. It indicates the minimum of the nutrient to maintain normal nutritional status in healthy people and not the recommended ideal amount for a specific individual. For example, the RDA for vitamin C is 60 milligrams a day – just enough to prevent scurvy in a healthy sailor!

The body also store some nutrients better / longer than others which highlight the importance of regular balanced intake of most nutrients. A therapeutic dose of a nutrient is usually increased considerably, but the toxicity level must always be kept in mind.

More information on the Minerals in Biozest products















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