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Herbs
Galangal (Alpinia officinarum)

The genus Alpinia was named by Plumier after Prospero Alpino, a famous Italian botanist of the early seventeenth century. The name Galangal is derived from the Arabic Khalanjan, perhaps a perversion of a Chinese word meaning 'mild ginger.'

The greater galanga has medicinal applications; the rhizome is used traditionally against rheumatism, bronchial catarrh, bad breath, and ulcers whooping colds in children, throat infections, to control incontinence, fever and dyspepsia.

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Garlic

Native to central Asia, garlic is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world and has been grown for over 5000 years. Ancient Egyptians seem to have been the first to cultivate this plant that played an important role in their culture. Garlic was not only bestowed with sacred qualities and placed in the tomb of Pharaohs, but it was given to the slaves that built the Pyramids to enhance their endurance and strength. This strength-enhancing quality was also honored by the ancient Greeks and Romans, civilizations in which athletes ate garlic before sporting events, and soldiers consumed it before going off to war. Although garlic may not always bring good luck, protect against evil or ward off vampires, it is guaranteed to transform any meal into a bold, aromatic and healthy culinary experience.

Garlic is rich in a variety of powerful sulfur-containing compounds including thiosulfinates (of which the best known compound is allicin), sulfoxides (among which the best known compound is alliin), and dithiins (in which the most researched compound is ajoene). While these compounds are responsible for garlic's characteristically pungent odor, they are also the source of many of its health-promoting effects. In addition, garlic is an excellent source of manganese, a very good source of vitamin B6 and vitamin C and a good source of selenium.

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Ginger

Ginger is mentioned in ancient Chinese, Indian and Middle Eastern writings, and has long been prized for its aromatic, culinary and medicinal properties. Historically, ginger has a long tradition of being very effective in alleviating symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. In herbal medicine, ginger is regarded as an excellent carminative (a substance which promotes the elimination of intestinal gas) and intestinal spasmolytic (a substance which relaxes and soothes the intestinal tract).

Ginger is rich in potassium, magnesium, copper, manganese and vitamin B6.

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GINSENG

Ginseng is the most famous Chinese herb. It is the most widely recognized plant used in traditional medicine for over 7000 years. Ginseng is classified an adaptogen which means that it assist the body to adapt or normalizes physical functioning depending on what the individual needs (i.e. it will lower high blood pressure, but it will raise low blood pressure).

It is also used to reduce the effects of stress, improve physical performance, boost energy levels, enhance memory, reduce the effects of aging, and stimulate the immune system. Chinese medicine has deemed ginseng a necessary element in all their best prescription, for prevention and cure.

Today we know ginseng contain vitamins A, B6 and zinc and that the main active ingredients are the more than 25 saponin triterpenoid glycosides called “ginsenosides”. These steroid-like ingredients provide the adaptogenic properties that enable ginseng to balance and counter the effects of stress.

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Goldenseal Root (Hydrastis canadensis)

Goldenseal is a native North American herb that grows in the Appalachian Mountains and surrounding areas. The Cherokee Indians, who introduced it to early American settlers, not only valued the root of this plant for health purposes, but also for its yellow dye which was used as face paint, clothing dye, insect repellant and as an application to wounds.

Goldenseal contains calcium, iron, manganese, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, B-complex, and other nutrients and minerals. Its medicinal properties are largely due to its alkaloids, which include berberine, hydrastine and canadine. Considered to be a "broad-spectrum" herb, Goldenseal is extremely popular and very much in demand.

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GRAPE SEED

Grape seed extract is a plant substance that has a concentrated source of compounds called procyanidolic oligomers (PCO) or oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPC). Other sources of this compound are berries, green and black teas, and red wine.

PCOs / OPCs are powerfull antioxidants - up to 20 times more potent than vitamin C, E and beta-carotene. The body also excretes Vitamin C, E and beta-carotene within a short period of time while grape seed extract compounds have shown to remain in the body for up to 3 full days.

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Guggul (Commiphora mukul)

Guggul, the sticky gum resin from the mukul myrrh tree, plays a major role in the traditional herbal medicine of India. It was traditionally combined with other herbs for the treatment of arthritis, skin diseases, pains in the nervous system, obesity, digestive problems, infections in the mouth, and menstrual problems. In the early 1960s, Indian researchers discovered an ancient Sanskrit medical text that appears to clearly describe the symptoms and treatment of high cholesterol. One of the main recommendations was the use of Guggul. Today Guggul's natural properties are commonly compared to that of niacin and fish oil.

The primary chemical constituents of Guggul include phytosterols, gugulipids, and guggulsterones.

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Gymnema (Gymnema sylvestre)

Indian physicians first used Gymnema to treat diabetes almost 2,000 years ago. In the 1920s, preliminary scientific studies found some evidence that Gymnema leaves can reduce elevated blood glucose levels, but nothing much came of this observation for decades. The leaves, when chewed, interfere with the ability to taste sweetness, which explains the Hindu name "gurmar". In the past, powdered Gymnema root was used to treat snake bites, constipation, stomach complaints, water retention, and liver disease. However, the name Gurmar best describes the primary use of Gymnema - because "gurmar" means "sugar destroyer". This herb has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years to treat adult-onset diabetes, a condition once described as "honey urine."

The primary chemical constituents of Gymnema include gymnemic acid, tartaric acid, gurmarin, calcium oxalate, glucose, stigmasterol, betaine, and choline.

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